The most important essential oils

Important oils of aromatherapy in short portrait

There are almost as many essential oils as there are fragrant, aromatic plants. And each essential oil has its own exciting properties to discover. In order not to lose track of all the choices, it helps to first limit yourself to the best-known essential oils and to take a closer look at them. Therefore, we present you here the most important oils, quasi the all-rounders of aromatherapy, in short portraits and give you an insight into the effect, properties and application of the oils.


Illicum verum

Anise is the relaxing, slightly sweet aroma of pastis, ouzo and other drinks. Anise from Illicum verum, the so-called star anise oil gives these digestive drinks the typical, intense aroma, not to be confused with the somewhat more discreet anise oil from Pimpinella anisum. Anise has a particularly positive, regulating influence on women. It is important that the anise oil is 100% natural, as the compatibility changes significantly with copies from the chemical laboratory! Anise is popular in Chinese medicine for support in the cold season and spreads a wonderfully relaxing atmosphere.



Citrus bergamia

The refreshing scent of bergamot oil has the power to take the tension out of irritated situations and create a vibration in which it is easy to relax and gather new energy. It has a calming and relaxing effect as well as an invigorating and refreshing one. The fruity and tart smelling bergamot oil has a distinctly positive effect on all people who tend to be depressed and anxious. On gray autumn and winter days, the fragrance throws “light” into our living spaces and revives the mood. It harmonizes very well with lavender and floral scents!



Citrus limonum

Lemon oil has an extremely fresh scent, which due to its slight volatility in the room quickly creates an invigorating, uplifting and cheering effect, which is particularly indicated in general states of weakness and dejection. Lemon moves between lime and lemongrass in terms of both scent and effect, and is the ideal remedy for concentrated work at the desk. In the cold-prone season, a few drops of lemon oil in the air of the room have proven useful due to its disinfecting properties.



Eucalyptus globulus

In case of sluggishness and listlessness, eucalyptus has an invigorating and motivating effect. It increases the ability to concentrate and is therefore also suitable as a supporting fragrance during mental work. The somewhat medicinal scent is known to us because of its traditional use during colds and as a rub for muscles and joints. As a standard remedy, eucalyptus is used for inhalation for coughs and colds, and also as a rub for rheumatic complaints. In winter, eucalyptus is popular as a sauna infusion, a few drops in the infusion water will clear your breath! Please note: Do not use for small children!



Citrus paradisi

While smelling grapefruit, we immediately suspect why the plant bears the name Citrus paradisi, the fragrance is simply heavenly beautiful, revives immediately and makes us happy. When the scent molecules reach our nose, the release of messenger substances is stimulated in fractions of a second, which inspires our feelings. The scent is ideal for grumpy morning persons to get going in the morning and gives us the energy and motivation to perform tasks with focus and power.



Lavandula angustifolia

The effects of lavender are extremely diverse. For palpitations, nervousness, excitement and insomnia, it is relaxing and soothing. A few drops dabbed on the temples or on the pillow help us to sleep more easily. Its main characteristic is being compensatory – it proviedes us what we are lacking. If we are stressed, it will calm us down, but if we are melancholy and burdened with worry, it will revive, refresh and build us up. Due to the pronounced skin-care properties, lavender, diluted in base oils, is also often used to care and regenerate the skin, for example after sunbathing.


Litsea Cubeba

Litsea cubeba

The scent of Litsea cubeba is reminiscent of lemon grass with its very fresh note, but is finer and therefore even more popular. In his origin China, the oil is called “Mai Chang” and used to compensate for stressed people. Who knows the oil, knows that it can give us relaxation and balance in a short time. It is ideal for people who are stressed and overworked and need a short break in the rush. It is important that the oil does not tire, but gives us new strength and energy to master our tasks. The higher Litsea Cubeba oil is dosed, the more the refreshing properties come into play.



Citrus reticulata

Tangerine essence has a fresh fruity and tangy scent that is very uplifting and makes you enterprising. Tangerine is therefore always suitable where moping, listlessness prevails and boredom spreads. It has an inspiring effect on creative work and is restorative after severe exhausting illnesses. Due to its ingredients, Mandarin is also used to bring depressed, anxious people back into balance. It is also popular for relaxing room fragrancing for the evening. It mixes well with lavender for this purpose and, in this combination, also brings peace to children who do not want to sleep.


Clary sage

Salvia sclarea

Clary sage was already known in the Middle Ages and was used not only for medicinal purposes, but also appreciated as an intoxicating agent. The scent of clary sage is difficult to describe – at first it seems fresh, slightly sweet, almost somewhat nutty and has a delicate floral component. It has an invigorating, sensually stimulating and intoxicating effect. The essence has the property to dissolve depressive tension, nervous overstimulation and anxiety and to transform the energy thus released into creativity. In times of tension and stress clary sage is thus especially for women in the changing cycle a valuable companion.


Neroli 2%

Citrus aurantium var. aromata

Neroli has a strong influence on the mind and soul and is considered a “rescue” in aromatherapy. It is well suited for anxious people and situations in which anxiety spreads, for example, exams or papers. The softly sweet, floral scent of Neroli essence exudes a calming, relaxing atmosphere in the fragrance lamp, where it is easy to lean in, forget all worries, drop feelings of anxiety and come to rest. Neroli is therefore popular for nervousness and restlessness, but also as skin care against wrinkles.



Citrus sinensis

The sweet fruity scent of orange oil has a calming effect and at the same time uplifting and invigorating. It has the power to take the tension out of nervousness and stress. Orange oil spreads a warming atmosphere, which also has a liberating and exhilarating effect on feelings of anxiety, grief and oppressive headiness. It has a balancing effect in every life situation and makes you want to live again with its slightly appetizing properties. Orange harmonizes very well with all other fragrances and spreads an atmosphere of joy and good humor.



Origanum vulgare

Oregano is a medicinal herb with a long tradition for cleaning and disinfecting. Oregano is traditionally used in stews and rich dishes, as it stimulates the stomach and aids digestion. Already its fragrance is appetizing. Oregano is especially found in Italian cuisine; it is indispensable in bruschetta, pizza and pasta. The strongly aromatic oil with its slight pungency also cleans the air in the room excellently. Always dose the powerful oil very sparingly! Oregano is also used in medical skin care, but in maximum concentrations of 1% well diluted in nourishing base oil.



Mentha piperita

Peppermint oil has a fresh, pure scent that clears the mind and increases the ability to concentrate when mentally exhausted and overworked. Peppermint has a strong cooling effect and is therefore refreshing and invigorating. As a medicine, it is therefore used, among other things, for rubbing in muscle and nerve pain and headaches. Also for inhalation and gargling in the mouth area, the drug has proven its worth. For pain in the head area, a cold neck compress is a proven boon. Please note: Do not use for small children!



Rosa damascena

The range of application possibilities of the rose is very broad, especially because of the harmonizing effect on the soul. With deep sorrow, grief and sorrow that have hardened the heart for years and dulled the feelings, Rose is the ideal essential oil. It helps us to open up our hearts. Rose not only smells pleasant, but is also a wonderful essence for the care of the skin. Sensitive skin and, above all, irritated skin areas regenerate with rose oil diluted in fat base oil often unbelievably fast. Due to its strong relaxing properties, the essence has proven itself in both obstetrics and in the care of the dead and is also suitable for all situations of upheaval.



Rosmarinus officinalis

The rosemary essence has a spicy-fresh, camphor-like scent, which has a stimulating effect. Rosemary oil is therefore always suitable for room fragrances when states of exhaustion caused by mental work occur and the ability to concentrate wears off. It strengthens the willpower and is suitable as a room fragrance for both awareness exercises and creative work. Rosemary is also traditionally used in preparations for muscles and joints to promote blood circulation. This feature is used by athletes to warm up after sports rubs and after sports to prevent muscle soreness.



Santalum spicatum

Sandalwood is traditionally used for perfumes, incense and jewelry, and has also been used in India for centuries as a traditional Ayurvedic remedy due to its extraordinary effects. Its main characteristic is its harmonizing and calming effect on the psycho-emotional sphere. Sandalwood oil has a sweet archetypal fragrance, reminiscent of fairy-tale tropical forests. However, the fragrance is not immediately noticeable, but unfolds its full beauty as slowly as an opening lotus blossom. By the time we perceive the fragrance, it has already transformed us and cast its irresistible spell. Sandalwood takes the tension out of life and creates a meditative vibration in which we can gather new energies.


Tea tree

Melaleuca alternifolia

In Australia, tea tree oil is considered a remedy for “every occasion”, which has been traditionally used by the Aborigines for thousands of years. It is suitable for the cold-prone season to clean the air in the room. In addition, for supportive care for skin problems such as skin impurities and mild inflammation and to refresh and disinfect the feet. Tip: For small areas, the oil can exceptionally be used pure on the skin, for example after an insect bite. For larger areas, it is best to moisten a cotton ball with a little water or almond oil and drip a few drops of tea tree oil on it and use immediately. For application on the skin, dilute in massage oil (1.5 ml of tea tree oil to 50 ml of almond oil). For use in the air, the herbaceous scent can be mixed well with other oils, such as lemon, orange or lemongrass.


Thyme red

Thymus vulgaris ct. thymol

Traditionally, naturopathy knows the thyme by the use in the cough and cold period. It cleans the room air and strengthens us. The thyme differs in the ingredients, depending on the region in which it grows. In normal cultivation of thyme in Mediterranean regions it is the vigorous “thyme red” (ct. Thymol). Also of interest is the chemotype linalool, also known as “thyme white” (ct. Linalool). It is much milder and therefore suitable for children and sensitive people.



Vanilla planifolia

Vanilla is used primarily for flavoring sweets such as chocolate, candy, pudding and ice creams. The great popularity of these sweets is due not only to the large amount of sugar, but also to the characteristic vanilla flavor. The well-known, sweet and warm aroma of vanilla seems to have a calming and soothing effect on the organism. This is maybe why sweets are often used as a small consolation against everyday frustration. Vanilla fragrance gives us an atmosphere of security and happiness and smells wonderful with cocoa, tonka, orange, sandalwood and cinnamon. With vanilla it is easier to relax and to find sleep.



Cinnamonum zeylanicum

Cinnamon is widely used in Indian and Arabic cuisine, as it helps the stomach to do its job. In spiced teas it is a main ingredient that activates and warms through. Cinnamon bark oil has a pleasant warm, sweet scent that creates a comforting atmosphere in the room and has a warming effect on both internal and external cold. For this reason, it is so popular in the cold season for warming room fragrance, combined with tangerine, orange, clove… When it is uncomfortable outside, we look forward to a cozy fragrant home. It is best to mix cinnamon, which is a very strong oil, with uplifting, motivating citrus scents for a pleasant room scent.


Swiss stone pine

Pinus cembra

The stone pine oil with its purifying properties absorbs both unpleasant odors and negative energies in the room and transforms them into a pleasant fresh atmosphere. Swiss stone pine oil carries the power and stability of mountain trees and therefore helps people with weak self-confidence to find new orientation and treating people to better stay with themselves. It also helps us to get new energy after a long illness. Austrian scientists have found out that stone pine in the bedroom is very beneficial to start the next day more rested and relaxed. It combines very well with fresh citrus scents.


Further information

in Axel Meyers “Lexikon der Düfte”

In this standard work of aromatherapy, written by our company founder Axel Meyer, there is detailed information on all essential oils from A-Z.



with essential oils

On our recipe pages you will find great culinary, cosmetic and room-scented do-it-yourself recipes – very easy to make yourself at home.